------More quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918-------
Sebastien de Courtois
1. Page. 163 of the book
In Adyaman, a small city, there was almost no trace of Christians left. All of them had been massacred with axes and thrown into the river that crosses that land (Page 163: ‘J. NAAYEM, op. cit., pp. 143-151.)
2. Page. 163 of the book
They put to death Chief Burro, a local Christian notable, his son-in-law Youssef Saadohana, who belonged to our faith [Syrian Catholic], was with him. They put him to death with all the other Christians who were there. The murderers were soldiers who had ordered them to leave the city to go to Diyarbakir under their escort. Once they had left the city, the soldiers gunned them down on the road (Page 166, H. SIMON, op. cit., Chapter 3, pp. 17-18)
3. Page. 167 of the book
Then Memduh Bey made a first split. Of the 405 in the convoy, he took 100, whom he brought to the place called “the Sheikhan caves”. The deep caves that have still not given up their victims did not allow their last screams to be heard either. Barely had the executioners returned when Memduh Bey chose another hundred martyrs who were brought about an hour away from there to the place called “Zerzewan Kalaat”. There they were all massacred, in groups of four, with stones, knives, daggers, scimitars, and bludgeons, and then they were thrown down the wells (Page 167 H. SIMON, op. cit., Chapter 3, p. 29.)
4. Page. 173 of the book
Several thousand Christians, Armenians, Syrians and others, were deported to Aleppo with priests and even Bishops. They were left in the open outside the city under the burning sun without any shelter […] Many of them died this way. Later on, they were allowed to enter the city. Since other inhabitants of Mesopotamia had also sought refuge in Aleppo, the number of these wretches reached 60,000, crammed together, with no other place to live but the Christian neighbourhoods’ streets and the churches. In tatters, without any way to maintain hygiene they soon fell victim to typhus which struck and killed a quarter of the population (Page 173 2 RAFIMANI report, op. cit., folio 44.)
5. Page. 173 of the book- Der Es Zor
.......Thousands of Christians from Mesopotamia and Armenia were deported to that city, and they were made to suffer the cruellest tortures. One of my priests wrote me that he could not depict what he had seen with his own eyes as he had helped the victims with religious aide. To he even more certain that they would die, they brought them to the desert where they died from starvation (Page 173, Rahmani)
6. Page. 173 of the book- Diyarbekir
New searches through all the homes to arrest other Christians who were deported in twenty successive caravans to a certain distance from the city, where they were stoned to death. [… ] Other priests of all denominations were massacred, some with caravans, others in their churches or presbyteries. […] The woman and children were deported, and on the road, the women were raped and sold. Only a small number of the deportees actually reached their destination; most of them died of exhaustion. All Christians who lived in this region’s many villages were also massacred; among them there was a large number of non-Catholic Armenians and monophysite Syrians (Page 174, Rahmani, Diyarbekir).
7. Page. 175/176 of the book- Diyarbekir
Finally, out of the 1,600 individuals thrown into prison in Diyarbakir, about 680 of the wealthiest notables paid for their military exoneration and were thrown in handcuffs into the Mosul desert, and no one knows how or where their exodus ended. As for the others, they were only paroled so that they could be made to work with those between 18 and 35 years of age compelled into military service in forced labour [….], and so that one or two could be shot dead each day, which was noted by American missionaries coming from Bitlis, Harput and Mezre to go to Aleppo. Apparently the young men were the policemen’s favourite targets, for the missionaries had seen the corpses of young men lying in the dirt all along the road. (Page 175/175, J. Naayem)
8. Page. 177 of the book
As for the monasteries, churches and Christians’ property, the same thing happened to them there as had happened in Mardin: the men from the government confiscated them (Page 177, I. Armalet))
9. Page. 177 of the book
Father Armalet’s and Patriarch Rahmani’s accounts concur in affirming that all Syrian villages in Diyarbekir region were attacked, and they name several of them: first of all the large village of Viranshehir where,, all the Christians gradually disappeared in accordance with the system of extermination and deportation (Gregorian Armenians, 1000; Catholic Armenians, 650; Syrian Catholics, 250; Chaldeans, 450; Jacobites, 750). Led off in convoys of 200 or 300 each, they were sent in different directions (177, Rhetore))
10. Page. 178 of the book
In this whole northern region of the vilayet, there were fifteen Jacobite (= Syrisch Orthodox) villages that were very prosperous, and which thus brought quite a bit of income to the State: it was a population of about 20,000 individuals. A spirit of insanity must have come over Turkey for it to send to their deaths hardworking and faithful subjects who did not have the fatal name of Armenians and who were even called “the orphans of Mohamed”. This important fact shows that Turkey was not just after Armenians, but after all Christians. (Page 178, J. Rhetore)
11. Page. 182 of the book
As for the Christian villages in the Mardin vicinity, which are many and inhabited by Syrians, the Turkish government ordered the army rabble to attack those villages, and they did not refrain from raiding and killing the inhabitants; the inhabitants of Teil Armen were brought to the church and burned with gasoline (Page 182)
12. Page. 183 of the book
The villages of Ma’sarte, 800 inhabitants, Bafaw, 600 habitants, and A1-Ibrahimiya, 400, all of them populated exclusively by Orthodox Syrians, were entirely decimated by the end of June. The same for the village of Kelek, eight hours away by foot from Mardin, where all 2,000 Christian inhabitants were killed.
13. Page. 183 of the book
Barsaum als mentions several men of the Church who were martyred under the same conditions, the hermit monk Adam from Kafro, for example, whose skin was ripped off and his eyes put out with a red-hot iron while he was still alive, or Father Sham’un, priest from the church of Dafne who was also skinned alive (Page 186, R. Mouawad).
1. (50. The bloodshed of Nusaybin page 125/125/126)
On Tuesday 15th of June the armed forces came back and collected all the Christians: men and youths, threw them in jail and at midnight they brought them to a place called Kharab Kurt, a stone quarry: there they killed all of them.
After that, the same Qaddur, commander-in-chief, collected all the women and children and locked them up in the church of Mor Ja’qub. Subsequently he brought the women to a place called Kharabe Kurt and killed them, afterwards he picked out of them the very beautiful girls; he chained the children with ropes and brought them to a field outside the village, where they were trampled under the feet of horses. And in this way they were killed by horseshoe.....
2. (46. The bloodshed in the city of Se’ert)
Mid-1915 the reckless Kurds rampaged there: they attacked the houses of the Christians and started to torture and kill them.
They threw them in jail and starved them; after that, they collected the priests and the eldest people and interrogated them about hiden weapons; while at the same time they tortured them severely; the tyrant Ahmed Kegge cut the head off a Syrian priest with his sword and threw it in alleys in the city before the feet of the Muslim mob, who played with his head like a football.
After this the Christian houses were attacked, all the women and children, boys and girls were rounded up, divided into three groups and carried away to be slaughtered: one after the other, barefoot, naked, hungry and thirsty. To persecute them further they had to walk on a very rough road after they had been undressed. They raped the women and dishonored the girls prior to killing them all.
Many of those criminals selected out the young, immature, good-looking girls they wished to have and took with them to their homes in order to satisfy their base (sexual) desires
3. (39. The village of Qelet (Page 106))
Qelet was a big village, all the inhabitants were Syrians, with the exceptions of few Catholics and Protestants…….On 3rd of June the Kurds organized themselves and surrounded the village………All the inhabitants came together in the house of Benjamin. When the Kurds stabbed them to death, there were so many people in the house, that their blood began to flow from the upper floor to downstairs of the house. I shall not talk about the humiliation and shamelessness by which the women inside and outside the village were treated (by the Kurds). In order to ensure that all the victims were dead, they came with glowing spears and stabbed in the bodies so that when somebody was not dead yet, he then would stand up and finally be killed; the remaining part (of the Christians) were brought to the city of Schuro. And many women they took with them to their harem…………………….
One hour later we heard the fluting of the bullets. After that, the mourning voices of the old women, who stayed there, were heard, when they saw the seven children killed near the garden. At three o’clock the soldiers came, and because there were only old people left in the village, they arrested three old women, raped them, undressed them and crucified them naked on three trees; the three priests were tortured and brought to Schuro, where they were put in jail. …………………
4. (48. The Mor Gabriel of ‘Umro Klooster (Page 122)
This old monastery was built in 397 and midway 6th century renovated. In the autumn of 1917 the tyrant Schendi organised a gang around him and attacked the monastery, he demanded that the sentries would had to leave and invaded the monastery: with his gang he killed the monks and deacons. The 70 men from Kafarbe who were there, were brought outside and killed. Only two children could survive the blood-shed; one of them fled to Sbirino and other to ‘Ainwardo’.
Schendi took the possession of monastery with all its books and treasures. After fighting for their life for months, the Kurds attacked them and all of them were killed in the Mor Estiphanos Church. The Kurds took all their resources and objects from the village with them. The few, who survived the blood-shed, spread as refugees in the surrounding villages.
5. (G. The village Sa’diye Brafe (page 93))
The story of the village of Sa’diye Brafe is told us by a Turkish soldier of the 50th Army (Division). He said:
“ I was a soldier in the 50th army in Sa’diye Brafe. When the persecutions of Christians started, the leader of the county of the city Almadina came with approximately 70 Christian men from Baschrije to Sa’diye Brafe. When they arrived at the village of Tafa (or Tafo), they found near the village, at the side of the riverbank a deep ravine where he put the men in it. After this he gave the soldiers and the Kurds the order to kill them, not with a gun, but with axes, swords, daggers, sharp pointed hooks and other tools. And those who told me about this said that the head of someone who was cut off spoke for 10 minutes and prayed to Jesus.
6. (M. A group from Amid (Page 138))
This group came from Amid and consisted out 2500 persons. When the soldiers brought them to a place called Schkafta, that means gulfs and caves, in the place Beth Ramma, they were led in a deep valley and (the soldiers) aimed their rifles on them and fired on them till they had no bullets anymore. They fired on them at such a high extent that the bodies catch fire and the dark smoke of the fire rose up for tree days.
A Kurd past by and said to the soldiers: ’Among those who you have killed there are still some of them alive. Yesterday we saw a priest with light red clothes and also four well dressed gentlemen. ‘When the soldiers went to the place to check, they found nothing but a very deep silent and sadness oppressing the heart – a terrible sight!
Archpriest Sleman Henno
1. Page. 32 of the book
Read what is written by the poet Schabo Gallo about the cruelties:
Woe! A terrible bloodbath! Whereby the unborn were snatched away from the wombs! The mothers had to watch that. Woe! How the unborn were pressed as the grapes; so that one could not distinguish between the brains and bones.
Thousands, ten thousands martyrs were exposed to suffering and distress, there bodies were torn up in pieces. But they did not renounce the name of Jesus, they let them enlighten by His lamp and earned in that way the palm of victory of the eternal life. Bishops, priests, monks, ascetics were as lambs led to the slaughter, tortured and after that killed. Monasteries were for always robed of their inhabitants and for always destroyed.
2. Page. 33 of the book
The height of barbarism formed the crime; to rap the women’s before the eyes of their chained men. Read, what the poet (Schabo Galo) wrote about this which torn up the hearts:
The men are chained, the beautiful women raped. The men are completely upset, down with their heads, on the chest, on the knees; so that they don’t have to see their gentle women; how they are dishonoured before their eyes. A heartbreaking grief!
3. Page. 33 of the book
Come to see, dear reader, how they divided the Christian prisoners in groups and delivered them to the merciless Turkish and Kurdish soldiers, who day and night, without taking rest, without food and drink, in the blistering son transported through the country. They felt death down in the valleys and desert. And the survivors were killed and pilled up. Witnesses notice, that the river Chabur, from Rish ‘Aino to Hasseke (in present-day Syria), became red coloured because of the blood of martyrs. There were also some who were transported to Iraq and killed there.
4. Page. 33 of the book- Siverek
The metropolitan Athanasios Denho, from the family Rumi from Anhel in Tur Abdin, was working here. He was for 33 year in the office and achieved high age of 79. He was a highly-praised greybeard, virtuous and modest in life. When the unlucky Siverek had to bear the dead by her Kurds, the metropolitan were set in jail in the night and thrown in dungeon. The next day he died in the early morning the martyrs dead after many tortures; they shattered his head by a stone. His both priests, Jacob (jaqub) and Josef who went to Syria and were living there were also martyred. No Syro- Aramean survived in the city.
5. Page. 43/44 of the book- Nusaybin
…………..The monk priest left the city with soldiers, to go to the Syro- Arameans in the mountains by usual road. However the soldiers ordered him to go by other road than the usual one until they achieved a place which is called Gemawas. There they started to torture him horribly; they demanded him to renounce God and to convert to the Islam. For the monk priest refused that, they cut off first his hands, then his foots and finally they beheaded him.................
…….... A day after the
murder on Stephanos, thus on Tuesday June 15, 1915, the government
rounded up the Syro- Arameans – men, women and children – and brought
them to a place called Phullutin. There they were told, that they had to
go to Mardin. When they were led out of the city, the understood that they
would be killed, and one started to sing spiritual songs; and the
shouted with joy and encouraged each other with the words,,
We will be very soon united with the Lord Jesus!”
The soldiers brought them to a place called “Nirba Farfosche” and they
started one after another as lambs to slaughter, behind a well. Each of
them, before stabbing them to death, was told: ’Convert
yourselves to the Islam; and we will not kill you!” But
nobody did what was asked, nobody renounced the Lord Jesus Christ.
Thus they slaughtered everybody threw their
bodies in the well. And in this way, this native, Christian city
Nusaybin was robed of her Christians.
After that, the Turkish government established a regiment to exterminate the Christians in the vicinity of Mardin; this regiment was led by Rafiq Nizam Ad- Din, Qedur Bey and Suleyman Magar.
6. Page. 44 of the book- Helwa
After the mass killing on the Syro- Arameans of Nusaybin the scoundrel Qedur Bey marched with his enormous number of Kurdish bandits to the city. They first surrounded the city, so that nobody could escape, subsequently they took all the men’s in the village prison, chained them and brought them to the river, to the place called ‘Qiro’. There he killed all of them and throw them in the river. After that he put all the women’s in a house and killed them, where after he set the corpses in fire. He did not kill the children, but converted them to the Islam. In this way the name ‘Syro- Aramean’ disappeared from the village until to day.
Sleman Henno treats in this way village by village how they were disposed of their Aramean inhabitants. A horrible form of ethnic cleansing committed by the Turks and the Kurds. The following villages/cities are passing in review:
Duger, Mharkan, Khwetla, Gerkeschamo, Schalhumijye, Tel Chatun, Gerdahul, Tel Arjawon-Gerschiran, Bayaza, Laylan, Chazna, Sarugh, Gerfasche, Gribya, Qanaq, Qowal, Bazar, Tel Hassan, Tel Dgihan, Grimierah, Tel Menar, Tel Jakob (Jaqub), Ito-Dorp (Dorp van de kerk), Tel Schar’ir, M‘are / Marin, De dorpen van Beth Rische, of van de Izlo gebergte, Arbo (Taşköy), Arkah / Harabale, Kafro Tahtayto (Elbeğendi), Hbob (Ehwo), Beth Debe (Daskan), Saydari, Harabemischka (Harabemişka), Het Klooster van Mor Malke Qluzmojo, Midyat, Salah en Anhel (Yemişli), Anhel (Yemişli), Habsnas (Mercimekli), Urdnas (Bağlarbaşi, Arnas), tMzizah (Doğuçay), Kfarze (Altintaş), Ayinwardo, Bothe (Bardakci), Kafro Elayto (Arica), Jardo, Benkelbe, Kfarbe (Keferbe), Het Qartmin Klooster (the Mor Gabriel Monastery), Hah (Anitili), Qustan, Eschtrako, Dair Qube, Schahirkan, Beth Sbirino (Basprine) en Sare (Sariky), Midun, Tamars, Zinawrah, Beth Ischok, Hedel, Kafschenne, Garissa, Zaz (Izbirak), Het Kruis Klooster (Deyro du Slibo), Arbaye (Alayurt), Kfarburan (Dargecit), Meschte, Elik, Zangan, Kfargusson, Hesno d-Kifo, Dufne, Armun, Marwanijye, Barlat, Balane, Derhab, Baglet, Schufiranassa, and other villages.